44 Interesting Facts About Ancient Rome

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Ancient Rome has long been a part of television shows, movies and documentary and it is mostly due to it’s large scale empire and its intimidating army.

Let’s not forget the intellectuals and philosophers that Ancient Rome produced which led to what is known today as mathematics, philosophy, astronomy, and many other sciences.

So here are 44 facts about Ancient Rome which can leave you in fascination of how Rome was.

  1. Gladiatorial fighting has always been associated with Rome but this violent ‘sport’ wasn’t Rome’s favorite pastime. In fact, some historians argue that it was actually chariot racing that was the predominant sport that people went to watch. The Colosseum could seat around 50,000 people whereas the Circus Maximus, which was for chariot racing, could seat up to a quarter of a million people!

2. It has been estimated that life expectancy in Ancient Rome was probably around 20 to 30 years. However, those statistic are more than likely skewed due to the high rate of infant mortality and also the large number of women who would die giving birth. It is thought that if a Roman made it to maturity they would live as long as the modern human in the western world.

3. Many thought that the Roman Empire was the largest empire in history but in reality it was the 28th largest empire in the world’s history. At its apotheosis, the Roman Empire comprised 12 per cent of the world’s population. The largest empire was the British Empire followed by the Mongol Empire.

4. The largest conflict in human history was between the Romans and Persians. The war between the two groups lasted a ridiculous 721 years. It has been speculated that the wars were due to the Persians wanting more and more land and also for revenge against the Greeks for helping the Ionians revolt against their Persian rulers.

5. Ancient Romans used to celebrate a national holiday called ‘Saturnalia.’ This holiday marks the day in which slaves and masters would trade places. Slaves would be treated to a lavish banquet that was usually only reserved for the elite. Imagine if something like this were to occur in the modern day between employers and employees!

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